Trivia / Alluring Arunachal

What is the state animal of Arunachal Pradesh?

  1. Nilgai
  2. Sambar
  3. Mithun

Mithun

Mithun also known as Gayal, the state animal of Arunachal Pradesh, is considered to be a sign of prosperity in the culture of many tribes of Arunachal Pradesh. The possession of Mithun is the traditional measure of a family’s wealth in the Idu Mishmi, Nyishi and Adi tribes. The bride's family in these tribes demand Mithuns from the groom’s family as a compensation for their daughter and also to check the financial and societal status of the family.

Mithun is not used for pulling carts, ploughing fields or for milk products. The rearing of mithun is only done for social status or sacrifice during large gatherings like marriages or local rituals. An adult Mithun weighs between 400 kg and 600 kg and its meat is considered to be better than other bovine species. Some families sacrifice even more than 50 Mithun during the marriage ceremony to showcase their power and wealth. In some tribes, all the skulls of the Mithuns sacrificed by the family are kept in the guestroom after performing the rituals.