Trivia / Andaman and Nicobar

The _________ is the only place in India with mud volcanoes.

  1. Viper Island
  2. Havelock Island
  3. Baratang Island

Baratang Island

The Baratang Island, also known as the Ranchiwalas Island, is the only place in India with mud volcanoes. These mud volcanoes are small muddy craters which are created due to the natural gases, emitted by decaying organic matter underground that push the mud upwards.

The political upheaval in Ranchi during the 19th century led to a great number of locals converting to Christianity with the help of missionaries to gain refuge. These people were then sent to the Andaman and Nicobar Islands as labourers by the British to cultivate crops.

The island is famous for its beaches, mangrove creeks, mud volcanoes and limestone caves. The mud volcanoes are also known as Jalki by the Jarawas, which constitute most of the population of the island.