Trivia / Nagaland

The ________, was certified by the Guinness World Records,2007, to be the world’s hottest chilli pepper.

  1. Ghost Pepper
  2. Savina Habanero
  3. 7 Pot Red

Ghost Pepper

The Bhut Jolokia, also known as the ghost pepper, was certified by the Guinness World Records, in 2007, to be the world’s hottest chilli pepper. It is an interspecific hybrid chilli pepper that is cultivated in the Northeastern states of Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Nagaland and Manipur. It is closely related to the Naga Morich of Bangladesh.

The chilli pepper is 400 times hotter than Tabasco sauce. It is rated at more than 1 million Scoville heat units (SHUs). The Scoville scale is a measure of the spiciness/ heat of chilli peppers and other spicy food. In 2011, the Naga Viper chilli pepper surpassed the Bhut Jolokia in terms of heat and spiciness.

The DRDO, in 2009 had announced plans to use these peppers in hand grenades, as a means of non-lethal measure to disperse mob or flush out terrorists from their hideouts. They also had plans to use this in pepper sprays as a means of self-defence measure. Chilli grenades made from Bhut Jolokia were successfully tested by the Indian Army in August 2015 to flush out terrorist Sajjad Ahmed from his hideout. Rajnath Singh, the home minister of India, in 2016, had announced that the Indian armed forces will replace controversial pellet guns with pepper grenades.

The heat of the chilli pepper is largely governed by climate. A 2005 study showed that the Bhut Jolokia chilli peppers grown in Assam were twice as hot as those grown in Gwalior.